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Hammertoes

What are Hammertoes?

Hammertoes are a contracture (bending) of one or both joints of the second, third, fourth or fifth (little) toes. This abnormal bending can put pressure on the toe when wearing shoes, causing problems to develop.

Hammertoes usually start out as mild deformities and get progressively worse over time. In the earlier stages, hammertoes are flexible and the symptoms can often be managed with noninvasive measures. But if left untreated, hammertoes can become more rigid and will not respond to non-surgical treatment.

Because of the progressive nature of hammertoes, they should receive early attention. Hammertoes never get better without some kind of intervention.

Causes

The most common cause of hammertoes are a muscle/tendon imbalance. This imbalance, which leads to a bending of the toe, results from mechanical (structural) changes in the foot that occur over time in some people.

Hammertoes may be aggrivated by shoes that don’t fit properly. A hammertoe may result if a toe is too long and is forced into a cramped position when a thigh shoe is worn.

Occasionally, a hammertoe is the result of an earlier trauma to the toe. In some people, hammertoes are inherited.

Symptoms

Common symptoms of hammertoes include:

  1. Pain or irritation of the affected toe when wearing shoes.
  2. Corns and calluses on the toe, between the toes, or in the ball of the foot.
  3. Inflammation, redness, or a burning sensation.
  4. Contracture of the toe.
  5. In more severe cases of hammertoe, open sores may form.

Diagnosis

Although hammertoes are readily apparent, to arrive at a diagnosis, a foot and ankle surgeon will obtain a thorough history of your symptoms and examine your foot. During the phyisical examination, the doctor may attempt to reproduce your symptoms by manipulating your foot and will study the contractures of the toes. In addition, the foot and ankle surgeon may take x-rays to determine the degree of deformities and assess any changes that may have occured.

Hammertoes are progressive – they don’t go away by themselves and usually they will get worse over time. However, not all cases are alike – some hammertoes progress more rapidly than others. Once your foot and ankle surgeon has evaluated your hammertoes, a treatment plan can be developed that is suited to your needs.

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Get an appointment today and say goodbye to all your problems.

    Gerald McCool

    Chief Doctor

    Nurse

    MA

    Nurse 2

    MA 2

    8:30AM - 5PM

    Monday – Thursday

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